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Concerning Melchizedek, the author of Hebrews would not have known more than any of us. The two passages that speak of Melchizedek are quoted below.

Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying,
“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
Creator of heaven and earth.
And praise be to God Most High,
who delivered your enemies into your hand.”
Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything. ~Ge 14:18-20

The LORD has sworn
and will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever,
in the order of Melchizedek.” ~Ps 110:4

The bible is God breathed, all that has been written is accurate to its exact word. Jesus was a priest “in the order” of Melchizedek shows that the Lord only “adheres to his pattern” and does not suggest that Jesus Christ was Melchizedek himself. Similarly, Melchizedek “resembling the Son of God” does not mean that he was Jesus Himself, but that he was merely “like” Him. They may be alike in certain aspects however they are not the same person, they are two distinct individuals.

What similarities then does Melchizedek have compared to Christ? It is known that the Israelites were exceptionally particular when it comes to their genealogy, such that every Jew needed to have a record of their own genealogy – containing a detailed list of their tribe, ancestors, fathers, date of birth and date of decease. To become the high priest, his genealogy would be utmost important! Jesus was not a Levite, how could He ever qualify as a high priest? The Old Testament verses above make no mention of Melchizedek’s genealogy other than him being a priest of God Most High, the author of Hebrews under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, understood the reason behind the omission of the genealogy of Melchizedek – so as to demonstrate that Melchizedek was similar to the Son of God; that He was without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life. Therefore, when God sworn saying, “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek,” it was for the very purpose of illustrating that Christ became high priest according to the order of an everlasting and indestructible life, and not according to the order of the Levites which was of weak and perishable flesh. For all Levites were born of flesh and eventually died, hence, they were unable to serve their duties as high priest forever and their duties needed to be handed down. On the other hand, Christ was different – He was eternal and would never die, therefore Christ’s office as high priest was perpetual and never needed changing. Christ thus according to a higher and more superior order became the everlasting Great High Priest.

Furthermore, priests ordained according to the order of Aaron were required to make a sin offering for themselves first before they could do so for the people. Yet Jesus surpassed them all, for He was without sin, holy and without blemish and did not require a sin offering for Himself. The high priests that were chosen according to the flesh served in man-made tents and these tents were only a foreshadow of the heavenly one. The Lord Christ Jesus instead served in the true heavenly tent as high priest, one that is more superior and far excelling.

The author of Hebrews from the Old Testament revealed how Melchizedek was “without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life.” Where in fact, Melchizedek was a man of flesh and blood with a father and mother, with a genealogy, and a beginning and end. The bible withheld these records such that when it would be mentioned that “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek,” it was of special significance that could only be fulfilled by the unique priesthood of our Lord Jesus Christ.