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If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? ~He 10:26-29

If the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean are able to sanctify them, how much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God (He 9:13-14)! The Book of Hebrews chapters 9 to 10, testify Christ as the more superior and more excellent sin offering, as compared to the goats and bulls of the old covenant. For we know that it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins (He 10:4). When the author said, “The blood of goats and bulls … sanctify them (He 9:13),” he was not implying that the blood of these animals was capable of washing away sins. Rather, he was saying: since the Hebrew Christians believed that the blood of goats and bulls was able to take away sins, then, why couldn’t they believe that the blood of the Son of God, Jesus Christ, was more than able to take away their sins? Among the Old Testament laws, the hardest one for the Hebrew Christians to let go would probably be the sin offering! The Hebrew Christians despite having been in the Lord for so many years, were still unable to believe that the blood of Jesus alone was sufficient to wash away all their sins. Because of this, they persisted in holding on to the Old Testament sacrificial laws.

Quoting from the Old Testament sin offering and verses from Psalms, the author demonstrated that the blood of goats and bulls were in fact representation of the better things to come, which by themselves incapable of saving us from sins.

“It was necessary, then, for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these sacrifices, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ did not enter a sanctuary made with human hands that was only a copy of the true one; he entered heaven itself, now to appear for us in God’s presence.” ~He 9:23-24

“Sacrifice and offering you did not desire,
but my ears you have opened;
burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not require.
Then I said, “Here I am, I have come —
it is written about me in the scroll.
I desire to do your will, my God;
your law is within my heart.” ~Psalm 40:6-8

The sanctuary that Moses erected on earth was a mere copy of the heavenly sanctuary; it was symbolic and not the actual thing. Every year the high priest would enter the sanctuary and make a sin offering with the blood of animals for himself and the people – an image of the true heavenly sanctuary. Just like the earthly sanctuary, the blood of these goats and bulls was also a representation of the true sacrifice. For men to enter into the heavenly sanctuary and meet God, the blood of animals would not be sufficient. Only the true sacrifice could bring us to God and it is none other than the Lamb of God – Jesus Christ – the actual sin offering which is far superior and more excellent than goats and bulls. Through His blood, man can now enter into the heavenly sanctuary to meet God. The blood of goats and bulls is symbolic and is ineffective in the remission of sins, but only the blood of Jesus Christ can atone for all our sins, enabling us to meet God face to face.

God revealed His intention in Psalm 40, that burnt offerings and sin offerings were things not required by Him. Only Jesus was the acceptable sacrifice and through His perfectly holy and eternal Spirit, He once and for all removed men of all their sins. The writer further spurred the Hebrew believers to remain steadfast in their faith and not to hesitate to put away the Old Testament sacrificial rites, for they already had the one and only true sin offering – the Son of God, Jesus Christ.